The Years of Lead was a period of socio-political turmoil in Italy that lasted from the late 1960s into the early 1980s. This period was marked by a wave of terrorism, initially called “Opposing Extremisms” (Opposti Estremismi) and later renamed as the “Years of Lead” (Anni di piombo). Among the possible origins of the name are a reference to the vast number of bullets fired, or the 1981 film Marianne and Juliane by Margarethe von Trotta, of which Italian title is Anni di piombo.
The left-wing autonomist movement lasted from 1968 until the end of the 1970s. The “years of lead” began with the shooting death of the policeman Antonio Annarumma in 1969 and the Piazza Fontana bombing. These events are attributed to the far-right, the far-left, and the secret services, depending on the source.
Borderlands: The Pre-Sequel came to Windows, OS X and Linux on October 14, 2014, developed jointly by Gearbox Software and 2K Australia and published by 2K Games. This is a first day one Linux release in a long time, and another Borderlands title coming to non-Windows platforms with the help of Aspyr Media – a porting company responsible for bringing Borderlands 2 to Linux just last month.
We will be taking a look at how the Linux port measures up in performance, feature parity, and compatibility regions.
[There is a book called NATO's Secret Armies: Operation GLADIO and Terrorism in Western Europe (Contemporary Security Studies) that goes into more detail and can be bought or downloaded here : http://bookzz.org/dl/675454/0c2bc8]
The history of the secret neo-fascist army in Italy set up ostensibly to resist Soviet invasion, but in reality to be used in the event of the working class growing too strong once again.
Following the end of World War II, the Italian workers’ movement was rapidly gaining strength. In some towns the fascists had been kicked out by Resistance forces (as before the war, these were usually led by socialists and anarchists), and embryonic workers’ councils were governing. The Communist Party in particular won mass support for its involvement in this movement.
When Allied forces swept across the country, destroying this fledging power of ordinary people was next on the agenda after finishing Mussolini’s regime.
There’s nothing nice about jail. The food stinks. There’s nothing to do. People are in a bad mood. The best you can hope for is to get out quickly with minimal hassle. One of the few things you have to look forward to is a visit from a friend or a loved one—a brief face-to-face connection to remind you that the world is waiting on the other side of the glass. But some Texas jails are eliminating in-person visitation and requiring instead the use of a video visitation system sold by Dallas-based Securus Technologies. Critics say it’s an outrageous profiteering scheme that has no policy rationale and could actually deteriorate security at jails.
A total of 42 Walmart workers and allies were arrested today in New York and Washington, DC at two protests directed at the company, which employees say is “robbing them of a fair wage.”
The workers were some of the employees at 1,695 Walmart stores across the US who have signed a petition addressed to their employers demanding that they raise their wage to $15 an hour and commit to providing consistent, full-time work. They have promised massive nationwide protests on Black Friday should the company ignore the demands.
1. The Miracle (of Joey Ramone)
Produced by: Danger Mouse, Paul Epworth and Ryan Tedder
More than any U2 album before it, Songs of Innocence goes deep into Bono and the rest of bandmembers’ teenage years in Dublin in the Seventies. The first song captures the big bang of Bono’s musical awakening: the first time he heard the Ramones. “Everything I’ve ever lost now has been returned,” Bono sings. “The most beautiful sound I ever heard…We were pilgrims on our way.” It sounds like the band are very purposefully not trying to sound like the Ramones here, though – instead, the track starts with powerful, almost “Mysterious Ways”-like burst of guitar from the Edge, and is driven by a lilting Bono melody and an overdubbed vocal refrain.
Originally posted on Hectic Dialectics:
“Che Guevara” is a name that pairs with revolution as well as Marlon Brando does with acting. In the Western world, he is almost exclusively known from his legendary photograph Guerrillero Heroico taken by Alberto Korda in 1960 and then processed and commodified into an equally famous T-shirt. This commodification and simplification of Che’s revolutionary résumé also has the effect in capitalist societies of ignoring Che’s subversive beliefs as a full Marxist, socialist, and communist. Almost chiefly from a letter he wrote in 1965, the goal of this blog post then is to sketch out Che’s unique philosophical and Marxist critiques of capitalism and make them more visibly known by summarizing and perhaps even applying them. Before doing so however, it would be appropriate to very briefly provide a biography of him that gives a historical context to his Marxist critiques. Readers should note that for this historical section I almost exclusively borrow and…
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